Ecological houses are a new trend that has more and more followers all over the world, and to this trend is added the possibility of, through a deep reform, converting a conventional building into an ecological construction, making it more energy efficient. The reform of ecological house and the adaptation of traditional houses to make them more ecological is something a little complex, so we are going to try to clarify it with a few basic advices.
Ecological house reform
A green house is one that meets three basic requirements:
- It respects the environment.
- It is built with natural materials.
- It takes advantage of the resources provided by nature to achieve maximum comfort for its inhabitants.
There is not only one type of ecological house, but this name includes everything from bioclimatic houses, which do not incorporate any artificial material, to prefabricated models of ecological house that are simply very energy efficient. However, ecological house refurbishments should conform to these three principles in all cases.
The following should be taken into account:
- Type of climate, as this will determine not only the insulation needs of the house but also the hours of sunshine that can be available to the day.
- Orientation of the dwelling. It is not always possible to modify the orientation in a house, but if the reform is integral it is possible to add windows that gives towards the sunniest area.
The fundamental thing in an ecological house is that the orientation and the materials used in the construction are combined to create a kind of greenhouse effect inside the house, so it is necessary to work with materials that trap heat, such as mud and wood. Any reform that is prized must include an improvement of the systems of air conditioning, with use of clean energies and maximum use of the heat of the ground and of the solar radiation.